Category : Subject Notes

Private Defence under the Indian Penal Code

By: Aishwarya Sinha
Self-defence means to protect oneself in jeopardy. The test of necessity plays an important role in determining self-defence along with factors like clear and present danger and imminence of harm to person or property. The use of force to protect oneself from an attempted injury by another is self-defence. Self-defence is the basic human right that every individual possess from the time of their birth.

Trademark Law in India

By: Yahya Abdullah
Trademark is a type of intellectual property consisting of recognizable signs, designs, or expressions used to identify their specific product or services different from others. The trademarks used to identify services are also known as service marks. Apart from trademark intellectual property consists of patents, trade secrets, and copyrights.

Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression

By- Gaurav Kumar
Freedom of speech and expression is regarded as the first condition of liberty and is considered the mother of all liberty. For accountability and transparency in the governance, citizens must have been free to share their opinion and question those in power. In Mahesh Bhatt v. Union of India & Anr.[1], the Supreme Court held the freedom of speech and expression is one of the pillars of the Constitution of India and indeed sustains its democratic structure.

Patent of Addition: An Overview

By: Shubha Sharma
Patent of Addition is an effective intellectual property tool used in the realm of patents for securing the improvement or modifications in an existing patent application or for a patent granted. Patent of Addition as defined in Section 2(1)(q) of the Patents Act, 1970 is a patent granted in accordance with Section 54[i]. Patent of Addition is in respect of any “improvement in or modification of” a previous invention called the main invention for which patent has been granted or an application has been made.

Inheritance Rights of Daughters under Hindu Law

By: Sanika Kulkarni
Did you know only 65.46% of women are literate as compared to 82.14% of men,  India consist of 48.5% of female population but only 27.4% are in the workforce, women hold only 11% seats in Lok Sabha but 46% in Panchayati raj institutions? Clearly we still live in a society where fundamental rights are served to men on platter whereas women have to give a fight for every one of them. From right to speech and expression to right to education, it was not easy to enjoy them.